The Investigation and Analysis on the Self-efficacy of the Elderly Diabetes Patients in the Community
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Xuejiao Zheng, Yujin Liu, Guibo Lin
In order to investigate the current situation and influence factors on the self-efficacy of the elderly diabetes patients in the community. 364 elderly patients with diabetes was questioned by using the diabetes self-efficacy scale. The total score of the diabetes patients is(81.39+17.75)，the scores of the five factors are dietary self-efficacy(19.12+5.12), exercise self-efficacy(12.37+3.09)，drug self-efficacy(10.28+3.73),the self-efficacy of blood glucose monitoring(11.73+4.35), the self-efficacy of the prevention and treatment of foot care and high and low blood glucose(27.90+9.01). The influence factors like economic sources，occupations before retirement，times of hospitalization and medical sources have effect on the self-efficacy. The level of the self-efficacy of the elderly diabetes patients in the community of Changchun city is on the medium level，need to further improve， the self-efficacy of blood glucose monitoring is worse. Therefore，the nursing staff in the community should carry out the health education about diabetes actively，help the patients learn the self-management knowledge and skill，at the same time improve the self-efficacy.
Community, Diabetes, Self-efficacy