Positive and Negative Questions of Shima dialect in Zhenjiang, Guangdong
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TShipi Village has three dialects: Shima dialect, Hakka dialect and vernacular (Cantonese dialect). Shima dialect is a dialect inherited from generation to generation by Shipi villagers. Shima dialect indicates that there are many types of positive and negative questions in neutral inquiry: (1) “F-VP”Ni a wujingshe (o) ? (2) “VP-neg-VP”: Nijing wujingshe (o) ? (3) “VP-neg”: Nijingshemo? The "a wu VP" type question is one of the original types commonly used by Shima dialect. This type is in the border areas of Guangdong and Fujian, such as Longchuan, Heping, Shaoguan, Longchuan, Wengyuan, etc. in Jiangxi Province and Jiangxi Province. Longnan, Quannan, Dingnan and other places are also very common. The "a wu VP" in Shima dialect is similar in syntax structure and grammatical function to the "a wu VP" in these places, but there are some differences in the frequency of use and the time body. The other two types, VP wu VP and VPmo, may be of a type that is influenced by the surrounding Hakka and Cantonese.
Zhenjiang Shima dialect, a wuVP