Analysis of Photovoltaic Poverty Alleviation Policy in Yuexi, Anhui Province
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Targeted poverty alleviation develops accurate routes for poor farmers to get rich depending on characteristics of poor households and poverty-stricken areas. Photovoltaic (PV) poverty alleviation is one of the innovative targeted poverty-alleviating modes in China, in which poor household can invest in distributed PV power plant which will be later constructed in the roofs of their houses, and the power supply company will purchase all generated power from farmers at a price of 0.98yuan ($0.14) per kwh. In this way, each poor household can earn an extra income of approximately 3,000yuan ($ 435.60). To study the actual implement of PV poverty alleviation policy, our team went to Yuexi County to carry out field research, visited a total of 5 villages, 33 households. According to the investigation, we can conclude that he five villages are representative and the participants of PV project share features of low income, low educational level and lack of working ability. Based on the current situation, the power generation is very substantial, basically in line with expectations the government estimates. However, there are still many factors, like decline in PV benchmark price, affecting the long-term profits of PV poverty alleviation. While there is also innovation emerged from implement, which will lead to stable output of power generation, but extra cost. The further improvement of the innovation and the whole PV project is worth of discussion.
Targeted poverty alleviation, photovoltaic poverty alleviation, policy innovation.