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A Study of Epicurean Philosophy

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DOI: 10.25236/emcs.2018.019


Xiaorong Meng

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Xiaorong Meng


Epicurus is a founder of the ancient Greek philosopher, atheist, and Epicurean school.Epicurus was born in 341 BC in Samos, but both of his parents were Athenians. He moved to Athens at the age of 18 before moving to Asia Minor where he was influenced by the philosophy of Democritus. When AD 307, a school of schools was established by him in Athens, which had been active in Athens until his death.It is Legend that the school established in his house and courtyard, completely isolated from the outside world, so he was called "garden philosopher." It is said that at the courtyard entrance there is a sign saying , "Stranger, you will live a comfortable life here, and it is a matter of perfection to enjoy it." Epicurus believed that the task of philosophy is to study the nature of nature, to eliminate religious superstition and to distinguish the boundaries of suffering and desire in order to obtain a happy life. Therefore, his philosophy can be divided into three parts: physics, norms (mainly on the issue of logic and epistemology) and ethics. Epicurus believes that feeling is the standard for judging truth,and feeling is direct. error occurs only in the judgment of feeling. Although based on sensory experience, he affirmed the existence of objects, and further developed Democritus's Atomic Theory.


Epicurean, Happiness, Criterion, Logic