Analysis on Injury Characteristics of Child Passenger in China's Traffic Accidents
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Kai Liu, Yubin Qian, Lingyun Xiao, Honglei Dong, Wenhao Hu, Xianguo Qu
Injury characteristics of child passengers in accidents are summarized in this paper. Based on the accident data about child passengers from 2011 to 2017 collected in the National Automobile Accident In-Depth Investigation System (NAIS), the analysis of the patterns of the traffic accident where child passengers are involved and injury characteristics of child passengers in the aspects of crash overlapping rate, crash speed and location of child passenger in the vehicle is conducted. The results show that: among the 62 accident cases where child passengers are involved, the accident with 25%-50% overlapping rate has the highest accident rate and the highest child injury rate; the number of the accidents at crash speed below 80km/h accounts for 80.6% ; the casualty rate of the child passenger in the rear row seat is lower than that of the child in front row seat. Based on the above analysis, this study can provide data support for the establishment of child safety legislation and the improvement of crash test standard of child restraint system.
NAIS, traffic accidents, child passengers, injury characteristics.