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Analysis of the United States' Response to NATO’s Leadership in the Mediterranean Fleet in the 20th Century

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DOI: 10.25236/busem.2018.037


Zhenni Zou

Corresponding Author

Zhenni Zou


The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) was established in 1949. The United States has formed a military alliance against the Soviet Union. In the "Great Diplomacy," the author used a lot of space to explain that its motive was defensive and it belonged to collective security, which is also a U.S-centered military alliance. However, with the end of the Cold War, there had been many controversies surrounding the issue of NATO’s military leadership. This paper only considers NATO’s leadership in the Mediterranean fleet as an object and analyzes it from the perspective of the United States. It seeks the uncertainty on the issue of leadership and explores the ownership of leadership. There is a certain significance for the further study of the United States in the issue of NATO leadership. This paper is divided into six parts. The first is the overview of the Mediterranean region, the second is NATO’s presence in the Mediterranean fleet, the third is about the leadership, the fourth and fifth are the differences in the leadership of the Mediterranean fleet, the response of United States and the reason, and the sixth is the conclusion.


NATO, Mediterranean fleet, Leadership, US.