Study on the New Urbanization Evaluation Index System—Taking 21 Cities (States) of Sichuan as the Example
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In this paper, a new urbanization evaluation index system is established to detect and evaluate the process and results of urbanization development. The sample data of 21 cities (states) in Sichuan Province are taken as the example. Expert opinion method and entropy evaluation approach are employed to calculate the comprehensive scores of five aspects, namely economic level, urbanization level, basic public service, infrastructure, as well as resources and environment. Then the 21 cities and states are ranked according to scores they got. It is concluded that the overall urbanization level of Sichuan is not high with low development quality. Due to differences in regional positions, natural resources, industrial bases, economic and social policies as well as other factors, the urbanization development levels of 21 cities (states) are uneven; each city and state has its advantages and disadvantages in the process of urbanization construction. According to the comprehensive scores, the 21 cities (states) could be divided into four development patterns: “high development level”, “medium development level”, “mid-and-low development level” and “low development level”. On the road of new urbanization development, cities with different development patterns must make innovations combined their own characteristics, and actively explore sustainable development path. This paper puts forward countermeasures and suggestions for the development of new urbanization for cities with different development levels.
New urbanization, Evaluation index system, Sichuan Province.