The Differential Effects of Pre-Task Planning and On-Line Planning on the Fluency, Complexity, and Accuracy in L2 Oral Production
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Wang Xiteng, Wang Yiwei
The purpose of this literature review was twofold: First, to examine the effect of pre-task planning on the fluency, complexity, and accuracy in second language oral production; and, second, to examine the impact of on-line planning on the fluency, complexity, and accuracy in second language (L2) oral production. By investigating twenty-five papers concerning the effect of task planning on L2 oral production, it is found that pre-task planning promoted fluency and complexity, whereas on-line planning resulted in both greater grammatical complexity and accuracy but not fluency. Additionally, the effect of pre-task planning on accuracy remains controversial. Through this research, the paper also points out factors of mediation (e.g. individual differences) that may inspire researchers to do further pedagogical research to figure out the relationship between task planning and L2 oral production.
Pre-task planning, on-line planning, fluency, complexity, accuracy, oral production, second language acquisition