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Web of Proceedings - Francis Academic Press

A Comparative Study of Chinese and Western Philosophy Based on Traditional Cultural Differences

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DOI: 10.25236/icfmhss.2023.004


Mengxiang Gu

Corresponding Author

Mengxiang Gu


Chinese and western logics developed almost at the same time, both of which flourished in ancient culture and had a wide influence. But why do they have such huge traditional cultural differences in formal structure, methods and language expressions? Compared with Confucianism, which pursues the unity of beauty and goodness and pays attention to humanitarianism, Taoism, represented by Laozi and Zhuangzi, advocates living with a natural and inaction attitude. In the history of western classical aesthetics, Plato made rational thinking about beauty for the first time, emphasized the unity of beauty and truth and goodness, and asked people to explore the essence and root of beauty, which made great contributions to the development of aesthetics. The problem of maintaining the independence of national philosophy in the exchange and comparison of different philosophical systems has not lost its significance. Compared with other schools of media criticism, the criticism of structuralism-semiotics seems to lack strength and depth: it just "divides the signifier and the signified symbols into building blocks." China's traditional artistic spirit includes two important aspects. China culture excavates the roots of art from the heart and nature of people's concrete life, and grasps the key to spiritual freedom and liberation.


Chinese, Western, Philosophy, Traditional Cultural