Landscape Evaluation of Xinghu National Wetland Park Based on Analytic Hierarchy Process
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Fan Wei, Wei Wang, Qin Lei
Wetland parks play an important role in regulating microclimate, providing habitat for flora and fauna, and purifying water resources due to their unique geographical location and ecological environment. Taking Xinghu National Wetland Park in Zhaoqing City as an example, this study comprehensively considers the various impact factors of wetland parks on the city, establishes a value evaluation system for wetland parks, and uses the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP), field surveys, and literature research as the main research methods to quantitatively analyze and evaluate the landscape quality of Xinghu National Wetland Park. The research methodology achieves the optimal combination of subjectivity and objectivity, as well as qualitative and quantitative analysis. Based on the research and data analysis, Xinghu National Wetland Park has a good natural ecological environment, with a weight of 72.255% for ecological value, indicating its potential to effectively contribute to ecological value. However, it exhibits relatively less contribution in terms of landscape value (19.858%) and social value (7.887%). This suggests that Xinghu Wetland Park has had a positive impact on the construction of a favorable ecological environment in the city, and efforts should be made to maintain the expression of its ecological value while ensuring the realization of social and landscape values through natural and artificial means.
AHP (analytic hierarchy process), wetland park, landscape, value, evaluation