Obstacles to the Implementation of the "Three-child Policy" and Ways to Solve Them—An Analytical Explanation of the Policy Implementation Process
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Pei Yu, Shuying Li
On June 26, 2016, China implemented a three-child policy to promote long-term balanced population development and optimize its birth policy. This paper constructs a theoretical framework of the implementation process of the "three-child policy" based on Smith's " The Policy Implementation Process " and analyzes the factors that restrict the implementation of the "three-child policy": (1) Unclear policy orientation. (2) Poor cooperation of executive departments. (3) Rural economy, culture, values and social views are a major constraint to the implementation of the "three-child policy". (4) Lower fertility intentions among the target groups. How to resolve: (1) Improve the policy and highlight the main theme. (2) Strengthen direct coordination and communication among departments. (3) Improve the macro environment to adapt to the implementation of the "three-child policy".
Three-child policy; Smith's "The Policy Implementation Process"; Policy Implementation