An Analysis of Educational Equity in the "School District Housing Fever" from the Perspective of Bourdieu's Capital Theory
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China's school district housing policy has long been controversial. In the face of money and nepotism in school selection, the Chinese government has attempted to narrow the gap between schools by implementing policies such as "nearby enrolment" and "test-free" for entering primary and junior high schools, so that all students can attend school without discrimination and ultimately reduce inequality in education. However, the policy ignores the major premise that, in the case of unbalanced educational resources, parents will inevitably try to obtain the hukou, which is valued by the "nearby enrolment" policy, in order for their children to receive better education and have higher competitiveness in the future. In today's real estate market-oriented society, money is naturally the best standard to measure the value of real estate and even the hukou, and the concept of school district housing also came into being. Thus, the "nearby enrolment" policy does not achieve its original vision of reducing educational inequality, but to some extent strengthens the correlation between students' family capital and the educational resources they obtain. Therefore, from this perspective, this paper explores how to solve the phenomenon of housing fever in the school district and ensure the fairness of education from the perspective of Bourdieu’s capital theory, and puts forward some optimization suggestions.
The School District Housing, Educational Equity, Class Solidification, Optimization Suggestions