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On Teaching Chinese as a Foreign Language from the Perspective of Contrastive Linguistics

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DOI: 10.25236/etmhs.2022.093


Shen Xiaomei

Corresponding Author

Shen Xiaomei


For a long time, teaching Chinese as a foreign language (TCFL) mainly focused on the transformation of applied contrastive linguistics, while ignoring the philosophical explanation of the value and significance of "contrast" by theoretical contrastive linguistics. At present, the number of Chinese learners in the world is increasing year by year, and learners' Chinese proficiency is getting higher and higher, which puts forward higher requirements for our teaching quality and level.This paper explains that in the understanding of theoretical contrastive linguistics, through the method of "contrast", we can see the profound national thinking behind it and its reaction to language through the surface structure of language. We take "contrast" as an important methodological principle of language research, especially with the help of the height of theoretical contrast, we can examine the similarities and differences between languages, find the characteristics of language, and further on the macro level understand the characteristics of Chinese language itself systematically and comprehensively.Only by carefully grasping the theoretical value and significance of "contrast" can we construct a theoretical framework, teaching model and method system for TCFL in line with the characteristics of Chinese.


contrastive linguistics, TCFL, contrast study