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Web of Proceedings - Francis Academic Press
Web of Proceedings - Francis Academic Press

Breast cancer prevention: role of the Mediterranean Diet and its components

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DOI: 10.25236/gemfe.2022.010


Jiaxin Lai

Corresponding Author

Jiaxin Lai


Breast cancer affects billions of people all over the world.Many factors contribute to the development of breast cancer, such as hormones, lifestyles, environmental factors, and diet patterns.According to the World Cancer Research Fund (WCRF), high consumption of fruits, vegetables and whole grains, as well as low intake of red and processed meat can lower cancer risk. As food items and nutrients are consumed in combination, dietary patterns have been successfully implemented as a tool to assess the additive or synergistic effect of food in nutritional epidemiology.The Mediterranean diet is a plant-based pattern characterized by high amounts of fruits,vegetables,nuts,legumes,fish,cereals including whole grains,and extra-virgin olive oil.Numerous studies have shown that the Mediterranean diet reduces the risk of breast cancer.Given the increasing severity and incidence of breast cancer,there is increasing interest in promoting prevention strategies to reduce incidence.The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of the current evidence on the association between breast cancer and Mediterranean diet.


Mediterranean diet, breast cancer, components, prevention