The Role of Omega-3 Fatty Acids in AMD And DED
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Yixiang Hou, Keming Shu, Yawei Zhang
Previous studies had been conducted the effects of omega-3 fatty acids on humans regarding. The previous studies showed practical effects of omega-3 on eye health but failed to address dry eye decease (DED) and age-related macular degeneration (AMD). DED is a dry eye disease which is a tear film and multifactorial ocular disease, while AMD affects the retina section of the macula. The positive impact of omega-3 PUFA on treating patient’s DED and AMD was confirmed. At the same time, it was also found that omega-3 showed a positive effect in regulating an individual’s nervous system, immunological system, and vascular activity. Survey which distributed in New Zealand and Australia’s optometrists via professional organizations collected a result that, 80% of the optometrists asserted that seafood or fish was a practical prescription for omega-3 in dealing with DED and AMD, and approximately 95% of the optometrists suggested non-fish seafood or fish seafood as a good food source. The survey suggested that omega-3 supplements need to indicate particular patient recommendations such as brand, frequency, and dosage. The DED intake frequency and the clinical guidance of the omega-3 foods were identical to AMD frequency. In conclusion, this article argues that omega-3 fatty acids are adequate for the eye and therapeutic effect on additional inflammatory ailments.
Omega-3 fatty acids, DED, AMD, DHA, EPA