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The New Geopolitical and Economic Pattern of the Middle East Based on the Background of "the Belt and Road"

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DOI: 10.25236/eiemss.2021.055


Jingcen Zhao

Corresponding Author

Jingcen Zhao


After the outbreak of the "Arab Spring," the geopolitical pattern of the Middle East has undergone earth-shaking changes, showing a complex situation. This new situation is complex, revolving around multiple hotspot issues, characterized by the interweaving of multi-layered geopolitical games. At the same time, in the Middle East, the subjectivity of major powers is prominent, and the geoeconomic structure of the Middle East presents a new situation, which not only makes the countries in the Middle East face unprecedented economic pressure but also makes the countries in the Middle East face the huge challenge of economic transformation. In addition, the export-oriented characteristics of the economic pattern in the Middle East have become increasingly prominent, which in turn enhances the uniqueness of the local geoeconomic pattern. In the Middle East, the important problems " the Belt and Road" construction project lie in the security risks and economic risks brought about by geopolitical risks, terrorism, and conflicts between countries. Therefore, starting from the development background and status quo of " the Belt and Road", this paper formulates a series of effective measures to deal with it according to the characteristics of the new geopolitical economy in the Middle East.


"The Belt and Road", Middle East, Geo-economics and politics, Interests