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How Does the Use of Digital Devices in The Classroom Affect the Learning Outcomes for Literacy in Early Childhood Education

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DOI: 10.25236/ermss.2021.014


Yifan Wang

Corresponding Author

Yifan Wang


Today, digital technology is more and more widely used in learning, whether at home or in the classroom. If digital technology is used properly, it may become a useful tool to support the learning and development of young children. It is now common for preschoolers and kindergarten children to use technology devices, play games on tablets, or surf the Internet. With the widespread use of digital devices in preschool classrooms, we must better understand the process of using digital devices. The development of informatization of early childhood education has made the application of digital equipment more popular at this stage. Therefore, it is necessary to explore how digital devices affect children's learning. In this article, I will review 30 high-impact factor articles and explore how to use digital devices in the classroom to affect the results of children’s literacy learning. The article analyzes how digital devices can help children improve their literacy results from multiple perspectives and aspects. The research results show that digital devices affect children's literacy learning effects in three aspects. First, digital devices can increase students' interest and motivation in learning. Second, the use of digital devices in the classroom can increase children's participation. Third, digital devices can act as scaffolding to help children improve their academic performance. Finally, I will make some suggestions on the gaps in my survey and reflect on how the survey results have shaped my thinking and practice.


Digital devices, Learning outcomes, Early childhood education, Interaction, Scaffolding