Water Footprint for the Hotel Industry as a Tool of Sustainable Water Management: a Case Study of Region X, China
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To alleviate the problem of water scarcity, studying the hotel industry’s water footprint becomes critical. Based on the two aspects of hotel water consumption compared with residential water consumption and competition in the international hotel industry market, the hotel service industry of Region X was taken as a case study destination to perform quantitative measurement and feature analysis on the need for water conservation in the hotel industry. Further, a hybrid Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) model was employed to calculate the hotel industry’s water footprint. The calculation results determine the water footprint economy. This information is used to judge the hotel, as well as the benefit value, water self-sufficiency rate, water import dependence, water footprint growth index, available water resource growth index, water sustainability index, and other hotel industry water resources sustainable development evaluation indicators, such as the state of sustainability of industrial water resources. The quantitative research reveal that the guestroom department’s water footprint has a rapid growth trend, followed by the catering department’s water footprint, and that of other departments is a stable trend. Both the total water footprint and direct water consumption of the three-star hotel service subsector are the largest.
Hotel industry, Water resources, Sustainable development, Water footprint