Psychosomatic Disorders and Family Factors
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Yuchen Liu, Hengjin Li
Psychological factors can affect medical conditions. The somatic symptoms of psychosomatic disorders are caused or intensified by psychological factors. Life events may cause stress to the individual, and the following state of arousal and depletion of resources cause physiological changes, which may develop into somatic symptoms. The risk and development of psychosomatic disorders are related with the life events an individual faces, the interpretation of the events, health behaviors, biological and genetic vulnerability, psychological resources, and host resistance. Both psychological and medical approaches are used for the treatment of psychosomatic disorders. The psychological approach mainly includes stress management and biofeedback training, the effectiveness of which can be influenced by the psychological conditions of the individual such as personality, decision making, as well as social interaction. Family factors have impacts on the aspects above by factors of hard environment and soft environment, parenting style, and inheritance. It is important consider the individual’s family conditions when dealing with psychosomatic disorders.
Psychosomatic disorders, stress, family factors