The Legal System of National Biosafety with Chinese Characteristics: the Status Quo and Trends
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Kang WANG, Zhexuan Chen, Xuxin Yao
Deficiencies of system for bio-risk control and governance in China have been revealed under the background of the “gene-edited babies” trial and COVID-19 pandemic. China takes the integration and classification model to formulate a systematic, basic, and comprehensive biosecurity law, which directs and coordinates other laws and regulations, technical specifications, ethical principles and national standards. They will jointly form the legal system of national biosafety with Chinese characteristics in the future. We should adhere to basic principles of risk prevention, public participation, classification management, strict liability, and international cooperation. Guarantee mechanism of capacity for biosafety, mechanism of classified supervision, mechanism of risk monitoring, early warning and emergency response, mechanism of risk management, mechanism of recovery and remedy, mechanism of biosecurity defence, mechanism of legal responsibility and other systems, should be established. The legal system of national biosafety with Chinese characteristics aims at safeguarding national biological sovereignty, biosafety and human health, promoting innovative development of biotechnology and bioindustry, enhancing global government capacity for biosafety.
Biosafety, Global bio-risk, The legal system of national biosafety, The biosecurity law