Can Mindfulness Improve Sleep Quality in Older Adults? a Mediation Model of Rumination and Anxiety
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In order to investigate the relationship between mindfulness and sleep quality, 522 elderly people were tested using the five facet mindfulness questionnaire(FFMQ),pittsburgh sleep index questionnaire(PSIQ),self-rating anxiety scale (SAS) and ruminative responses scale(RRS).SEM and Bootstrap methods were used to investigate the effect of rumination and anxiety. The results indicated that (1) mindfulness would predict sleep quality; (b)both rumination and anxiety mediated the association between mindfulness and sleep quality; (c) rumination and anxiety sequentially mediated the relation between mindfulness and sleep quality. Implications of taking mindfulness as an alternative way to detect and improve elderly sleep quality are discussed.
Mindfulness; The elderly; Sleep quality; Rumination; Anxiety