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“Slow” Employment: Research on the Psychological Profile and Its Mechanism--Analysis of Employment Tendency and Countermeasures of the New Generation of College Students

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DOI: 10.25236/acaelt.2020.003


Yuju Wu, Yongjun Kang, Yi Liu, Wenquan Ling, Xiumin Chen

Corresponding Author

Yuju Wu


In recent years, the number of college graduates has repeatedly hit record highs. Graduates have ushered in one after another “the most difficult employment year.” Employment is the biggest livelihood of the people. In 2019, Guangdong Province abolished “postponing employment”. Employment issues present new space for discussion. Some people compete intensively at job fairs, but there are also people who are willing to do things that are contrary to formal employment. They'd like to choose to have oversea study tours and support education, accompany their parents at home or start an investigation of starting a business, etc. The latter is called “slow employment”. Among them, one type of “slow employment” is purposeful “idle”. “Slow” is for better work in the future, which is regarded as active “slow employment”. The other type of “slow employment” is blind “idle”. Graduates will lose the direction of job hunting in the “slow” and it will be regarded as a passive “slow employment”. In order to portray college students’ “slow employment” tendency and its “double-edged sword” effect, and construct a psychological guidance and intervention plan, the project team randomly selected 784 college students from 14 universities in the Pearl River Delta to conduct a questionnaire survey, supplemented by interview analysis. The research results show that ① The structure of “slow employment” presents four dimensions: slow time, slow economic pressure, slow career exploration behavior, and slow attitude. The tendency score of slow employment is at a moderately low level; ② About the influence of demographic variables on “slow employment”, the trend of “slow employment” is more obvious among male graduates than females, only children than non-only children, and private colleges than public colleges; ③ Analysis of the antecedent variables of “slow employment” shows that in addition to fierce employment competition, national employment policies, with the influence of pressure factors such as untimely understanding of employment information, can't finding a job that meets their expectations, and unclear career planning, factors such as “value management”-oriented study tours and entrepreneurship have also reached a significant level; ④ Hierarchy regression analysis results of the moderating effect model shows that parents’ attitudes towards “slow employment” weaken the impact of college students’ career planning on “slow employment tendency”. Based on this, the team constructed psychological intervention countermeasures: ① Under the premise of respecting the “slow employment” of college students, according to the relevant theories of “value management”, guiding college students to transform from passive “slow employment” to positive; ② Gathering Individuals, families, schools, governments and enterprises together to build a “slow employment” service platform for college students, and plan to provide personalized “slow employment” profile and strategies through the platform big data.


Slow employment; New generation of college students; Tendency; Countermeasures