Seals and Marks on the Old Uyghur Documents
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Scholars interpreted tamğa and nišan on old Uyghur documents as personal seal and mark. However, it is also common that tamğa or nišan is shared by plural principals of a contract. This article argues that tamğa or nišan is also a symbolic mark of a family.
Tamğa, Nišan, Seal, Hua-ya, Uyghur documents