Progress in the Diagnosis of Synovial Chondroma
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Synovial chondroma is a rare benign disease, which is formed by cartilage metaplasia, and is commonly seen in the knee joint. It usually presents intra-articular communication and sudden movement restriction. When diagnosing it, due to the predilection site and pathological structure, the usual combination of MRI and CT imaging is easily confused with other lesions, resulting in an increased false negative rate, usually after combining physical examination and synovial fluid examination. In terms of treatment, the traditional open surgical treatment has the characteristics of great trauma and prone to postoperative femoral head necrosis and long recovery time after surgery. Therefore, in recent years, it has been replaced by arthroscopy to significantly improve joint function and has less sequelae than traditional surgery. This article summarizes the research on the progress of diagnosis and treatment of synovial chondroma within five years, with a view to providing relevant help for the selection of future research directions.
Synovial chondroma, diagnosis, physical examination