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Web of Proceedings - Francis Academic Press
Web of Proceedings - Francis Academic Press

Study on the Criminal System in Qin and Han Dynasties and Its Historical Influence

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DOI: 10.25236/iceesr.2020.057


Jingxian Zhao, Xiaodan Sun

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Jingxian Zhao


In the Western Han Dynasty, Emperor Wen's penal reform mainly included the abolition of the child-bearing system, the abolition of corporal punishment, and the fixed sentence. These reforms changed the prison system of the Qin Dynasty, which were mainly manifested in the order of prisoners, family structure and property. The Wei, Jin, Southern and Northern Dynasties continued to reform penalties, with increasingly lenient penalties, the abolition of imperial punishment, and the reduction in the scope of confinement. The prisoners were free from physical punishment in the true sense and the probability of family members being implicated was reduced. The reform of the prison system in the Qin and Han Dynasties had a positive historical impact.


Criminal system, Historical influence, Inheritance and development