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Web of Proceedings - Francis Academic Press

The Development Opportunities and Challenges of French in East Africa

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DOI: 10.25236/iceesr.2020.028


Yixin Li

Corresponding Author

Yixin Li


French-speaking African countries account for more than half of Africa’s area. West from Mauritania, east to Chad and Djibouti, south to the Democratic Republic of Congo, Rwanda, Burundi and Madagascar. In these countries, only the time when Senegal was introduced into French dates back to the 17th century. The time for other countries to use French was when the first colonial troops arrived in the 19th century or the beginning of the 20th century, and it was spread by soldiers. In the Central African Republic and Chad there is the saying “French Army”. This article analyzes the characteristics of African folk French from the perspective of grammar and vocabulary. This Africanized French has a strong promotion potential because it adapts to local Africa. Now its position in Africa can compete with the orthodox French. The Chinese French teaching institutions and the editors of the French-Chinese dictionary believe its existence should not be ignored and need to be introduced to French language learners in China. Finally, the article discusses definition and interpretation of African folk French expressions in the French-Chinese dictionary.


French, Develop opportunities and challenges, East Africa