The Breakthrough of Local Pilot Policy of Mixed-ownership of On-duty Inventions to the “Tragedy of the Anti-commons” in Universities
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Tingting Li, Ruishuang Lin and Yanru Wang
In the previous university property management system in China, the on-duty inventions of scientific and technological achievements in universities could not be utilized in order to deal with state-owned assets. Technology Transformation lacks inventors' participation, thus the scientific and technological achievements in colleges and universities become the “tragedy of the anti-commons” with high exclusiveness of resources and low rates of utilization. It’s necessary to originate the “tragedy” to solve the problem. Sichuan Province has taken the lead in carrying out the pilot project of mixed-ownership of on-duty inventions in the whole country and make some achievements. This policy pilot provides a sample for promoting innovation and reform, and also provides a new idea for solving the problem of “tragedy of the anti-commons” of scientific and technological achievements in higher educations in China. In order to enrich the researches of technology transformation and policy pilot, taking Sichuan Province as an example, this article discusses the mechanism of local policy experiment in cracking the “tragedy of the anti-commons” of scientific and technological achievements in universities, and further discusses the realization of transformation of on-duty scientific and technological achievements in colleges and universities.
Pilot policy, Mixed-ownership, On-duty inventions