Study on Prevention and Treatment of Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Diseases and Community-Based Rehabilitation in the Elderly
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Cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases are common diseases that endanger people's health. In this paper, 80 elderly patients with cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases treated in a street community health service center in Jiangsu Province in 2019 were selected as the observation group, and 80 middle-aged and young patients with cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases who visited the service center during the same period were selected as the control group to assess the overall risk of the patients. Based on the assessment results, integrated management of community prevention, treatment was performed on the elderly patients in the observation group. The awareness rate, treatment rate, control rate, attitude, behavior level, and other aspects of the patients for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases before and after the management were observed and compared. The results showed that in the assessment of overall risk in the observation group, the prevalence of three risk factors (above the age of 45, hypertension, and elevated blood glucose) was significantly higher than that in the control group. After the implementation of management, the indexes, attitude, behavior levels, and detection rate of risk factor abnormality of the patients in the observation group were significantly superior to those in the control group (P < 0.05). Hence, the implementation of integrated management of community prevention, treatment, and rehabilitation can effectively improve patients' mastery of knowledge about cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases and play an important role in reducing the abnormal risk factors.
Elderly, Cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, Community-based rehabilitation, Management