A Probe Into the Protection and Development Path of Traditional Villages in Ethnic Areas in the Process of Urban-Rural Integration——A Case study of Benzhai, Anshun City, Guizhou Province
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Chen Yue and Mao Gang
With the development of urban-rural integration, more and more farmers move to cities, a large number of labor transfer, resulting in the phenomenon of "hollowing out" in rural China is becoming more and more obvious, of course, the traditional village is no exception. Guizhou Province is the settlement of Miao and Dong ethnic groups, because its area is mostly plateau and mountainous, and since ancient times to small-scale peasant economy, the formation of a very unique traditional villages of ethnic minorities. However, due to the disjointed economic development and the lack of attention in the early stage, there are not many well-preserved traditional villages, and the existing traditional villages are also in trouble in terms of protection and development. This paper selects the traditional villages of the Miao nationality in Benzhai, Anshun City, Guizhou Province, on the basis of the analysis of the current situation of the spatial layout, architectural forms and traditional customs of the villages. It excavates its protection value from the aspects of architectural style, national custom culture and economic development. Combined with the problems existing in the protection of the village, this paper probes into the countermeasures for the protection and development of the village from the aspects of the overall traditional style and features of the village, the natural economic environment and the protection of custom and cultural heritage.
Ethnic areas; Traditional villages; Protection and development; Hollowing out; Benzha