Humanistic Spirit and Scholarship Value of Ancient Chinese Scholars
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The humanistic spirit of ancient Chinese scholars can also be understood as the spirit of learning. It is said in “The Note of Learning” that “ If jade is not polished, it cannot become a thing of use. If a man does not learn, he cannot know his duty.” It shows that what ancient people advocated in the underdeveloped natural science and social science was still a learning spirit of reading changes life. There are very few serious scholars. Confucianism, Taoism, Legalism and Mohism all embodied the idea of “people-centered”, they think of man as the center of the universe or take man as a small universe. To a certain extent, this kind of philosophy has influenced ancient Chinese scholars to pursue the maximization of human value, and has also beautified the energy of human being as the center of the universe. It has also played an important role in the formation of humanistic spirit, such as “The Theory of Zhouyi”, “Analects of Confucius”, “The Book of History” and “Filial Piety”, thereby embodying this humanistic spirit into scholarship value. This paper discusses the origin of humanities, the formation of humanistic spirit and the embodiment of the value of ancient scholarship.
Ancient chinese scholars; Humanistic spirit; Scholarship value