Risk Factors of Nosocomial Infection of Inpatients in Neurology Department Based on Evidence-Based Concept
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Chenxi Tan, Yizu Li
Objective: to explore the influencing factors of nosocomial infection of hospitalized patients in neurology department, so as to take effective preventive measures to control the occurrence of infection. Methods: nosocomial infection of hospitalized patients in department of neurology from january 2017 to march 2018 was retrospectively analyzed. Results: among 981 hospitalized patients in neurology department, 65 cases had hospital infection, with an infection rate of 6.63%. The highest hospital infection rate (12.78%) was found in patients with cerebral hemorrhage. Lung was the first infection site, followed by urinary tract infection. The high risk factors of nosocomial infection of inpatients in neurology department were age > 65 years old, diabetes history, more chronic basic diseases, hospitalization time > 2 weeks, smoking and alcohol addiction history, consciousness disorder and invasive operation. Conclusion: the risk factors of nosocomial infection in neurology department are old age, consciousness disorder, long hospitalization time, basic diseases and invasive operation. Reducing risk factors, rational use of antibiotics and strengthening the management of hospital infection can reduce the incidence of hospital infection.
Department of Neurology; Infection; Risk Factor