Research on the Deviation between Urbanization and Industrialization
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Shasha Fang, Bochuan Duan
The study was performed urbanization lagging behind industrialization is an important feature of China's urbanization development. The work used panel data from 30 Chinese provinces between 1997 and 2014 offer a fresh look at the reasons for this lagging development. The results show that the export-oriented development strategy has driven the rapid growth of China's industry. However, due to the difference in employment elasticity between industry and service industry, the unbalanced growth of off-farm output and off-farm employment has resulted in urbanization lagging behind industrialization.
Urbanization; industrialization; export