The Spiritual Connotation of Family and Country Feelings in Jin Shengtan's Selected Poems of Du Fu
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Wang Xiaoting, Gong Haoran
Jin Shengtan's Du ShiJie, as his masterpiece, reflected the complexity of his thoughts and the characteristics of the times.,which was beyond the other works. During the reformation of the Ming and Qing Dynasties, scholars often felt that the country had broken down and the family had died. He reflected on the theory of the rise and fall of their country, redefined the social ethical relationship between the monarch and minister, and emerged progressive and innovative thinkers such as Huang Zongxi, Gu Yanwu, Wang Fuzhi and Lu Liuliang. Under such a background, Jin Shengtan's literary criticism was unconsciously influenced by it. In Tang Dynasty Du Fu's poems, the family and country feelings of loyalty to the monarch and the country "to the monarch Yao and Shun, and then to make the customs to customs" revealed the signs of sublimation in Jin's works. Based on DuFu's poems , historical materials and other works of Jin's , this paper made a preliminary study on the changes of the Confucian concept of family and country , in order to provide a deeper understanding of the evolution of the Confucian concept of family and country.
Jin Changwen, the cousin of Shengtan, said in his article "The Book of the Fourth Talented Scholar": "I have read Du Shaoling's poems over and over again,then I knew that since the Tang Dynasty, there was nothing that Shaoling can not write, and there was nothing Changjing can not criticize ... Du Fu was a loyal and filial piety scholar. He could not be rebellious because of his loyalty and filial piety." Although there were some exaggerated elements, they were not totally unreasonable. Shengtan's literary comments were often unique and unusual in subtle ways. Liao Yan, a Qing man, said in his biography of Mr. Jin Shengtan that he was a man with unique vision and technique, who started a style of comments. In fact, before Shengtan, the annotation of Du Fu's poems was a commonplace. In the Song Dynasty, there were "thousands of annotations of Du Fu". Qiu Zhaoao, Qian Qianyi, Pu Qilong and others who studied Du Fu's poems during the Ming and Qing Dynasties were even more famous. Why could Shengtan's "Interpretation of Du Fu's Poems" be unique in the numerous annotations of Du Fu's poems? In the final analysis, it was only because Shengtan's comments had more age’s characteristics. Not only his bold comments on current politics, but also the criticizing of stereotyped writing habit-decomposing DuFu's poems, both them reflected the age’s characteristics at that time. It was not only communicated ancient and modern times, but also expressed one's own thoughts. It had the characteristics of combining classics with current consciousness. Shengtan was in the era of the alternation of Ming and Qing Dynasties. It was well-known that when a dynasty had changed, new ideas would come into being. This article was focusing on two clues, from the background of the time and the Confucian concept of family and country, to see the sublimation of the connotation of family and country feelings in Du Fu's poems written by Shengtan.
Jin Shengtan; Du Shijie; The“Feelings of Home-Country”; Modern Evaluation