Research on the Effectiveness of Massage Techniques in Flexibility Training
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The research purpose of this subject: Traditional flexible training is dominated by strong tension and compression, and athletes are very painful in training, and the proportion of strains is also high2. Many coaches are trying to find a relatively painless and safe training method to train athletes' flexibility. Many scholars also use painless flexibility training as a subject for a lot of research. In the course of teaching massage techniques, the author found that a certain degree of massage release for muscles with tense muscle tension can instantly improve the flexibility of students. If this massage technique is effective for most athletes, it will undoubtedly become a coach A weapon for training athletes' flexibility. In view of this, the author took 3 months to conduct a practical training study on it, using massage as an auxiliary flexibility training method, and exploring the effect of massage in improving students' flexibility during training. At the same time, it is also tested in the experiment which method is best for flexibility training in different positions. The research object of this project: The author selected a total of 125 students in Classes 1, 2, and 3 of the 2016 Social Sports Guidance and Management Program of the Business School of Yunnan Normal University as the research object, including 102 male students and 23 female students. Experiments and mathematical statistics were used to select the turned shoulders, forward flexion in the sitting position, left fork, and the flexibility of the three parts. In the course of the experiment, the students normally attended the class according to the curriculum and did not intentionally add any special flexible training courses. Experimental results of this subject: Through the three-month massage-assisted training experiment, the results show that the students' shoulder flexion, seated forward flexion, and left-fork flexion scores have all improved significantly. 3.38cm, the forward flexion of the seated body was increased by 4.08cm compared with the first week, and the left vertical fork was increased by 4.77cm compared with the first week. Application of techniques, turning shoulders: Through a comparative analysis of the measurement results before and after the class, we can know that the massaging methods of plucking, pressing, and pushing are used to reverse the pectoralis major, pectoralis minor, deltoid and latissimus dorsi muscles. The flexibility of the shoulder is better; the forward flexion of the seated body: through a comparative analysis of the measurement results before and after the class, we can know that the erector spinae, latissimus dorsi, trapezius, gluteal, hamstring, and gastrocnemius muscles The use of plucking, rolling, pinching, and stretching massage methods to improve the flexibility of the seat forward flexion is better; left vertical fork: through a comparative analysis of the measurement results before and after the class, we can know that the quadriceps in the right leg The left gluteal muscle, the left hamstring muscle, and the right hamstring muscle are stretched to improve the flexibility of the left vertical fork.Aiming at the results of the project, the author's suggestion: the muscles with long and large muscles, multi-joint muscles and deep muscles can be flexibly improved by stretching and plucking.3 Short and small muscles, single joint muscles and superficial muscles The use of plucking and pinching massage for muscles has a more pronounced effect on improving flexibility. After using the massage technique to train flexibility, it is more effective to add consolidation exercises.
Massage; Flexibility training; Practice