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Web of Proceedings - Francis Academic Press

Evaluation of Ship Industry Agglomeration Level and Agglomeration Efficiency in the Bohai Sea Rim

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DOI: 10.25236/ACEPMB.2019.041


Ru Jin, Jianke Guo and Fei Li

Corresponding Author

Fei Li


Taking the 7 cities in the Bohai Sea Rim region as examples, the Location quotient and the Concentration ration of industry was used to measure the scale level and the market agglomeration level of the shipbuilding industry in each region from 2009 to 2016, and the DEA model was used to evaluate the efficiency of the agglomeration. The main conclusions are as follows: 1) There is a big difference in the level of ship industry agglomeration in various regions. Huludao and Qinhuangdao are large-scale clusters, Dalian and Qingdao are market-concentrated areas, Yantai and Weihai are in a concentrated area, and Tianjin is a low-concentration area.2) The gathering efficiency of Dalian and Huludao have the highest concentration efficiency; Qingdao is second only to Dalian and Huludao, Weihai and Yantai at the medium level; Qinhuangdao and Tianjin’s shipbuilding industry are less efficient.3) The scale of Dalian's agglomeration is the most reasonable. Huludao has a certain degree of input redundancy, which can appropriately reduce the scale of agglomeration. There is still much room for development in shipbuilding industry in other regions.


Shipbuilding industrial; Scale agglomeration; Market agglomeration; Agglomeration efficiency; the Bohai Rim region