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Humanism or Scientism—Analysis of the "Theory of Alienation" in the "Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts of 1844”

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DOI: 10.25236/meici.2019.005


Junxin Li

Corresponding Author

Junxin Li


Whether it is Marx's previous theory about "alienation" of the subject or the objectivity study on capital in the later period, capital logic has always taken an important position in Marx's ideological changes. Especially after the philosophical revolution was realized in 1845, there was a clear dual logic in Marx's thought: the production logic based on human productive labor and the capital logic based on the operation of capital itself. The logic of production is embodied in the paradigm of humanitarian understanding with the theory of alienation as the core and the capital logic is embodied in the critique of political economy as a scientism understanding paradigm. The opposition between humanism and scientism in Marxist philosophy is essentially the heterogeneity between two different structures. Therefore, deconstructing and dissolving the "epistemological break" presupposed by western Marxist scholars must return to the original text and demonstrate Marx as a dialectical materialist, the consistency and integrity of his early and late thoughts


Alienated labor, Humanism, Capital logic